Schizoid Personality Disorder: A Must Read Guide

Personality disorders are often given a stigma to those who suffer with these as though they are “crazy” or unpredictable. However, this is an underserved stigma and one that the world is working on changing. One of the disorders out there that many people do not realize even exists is called Schizoid Personality Disorder. What is this? What are the symptoms? These are all questions that we are going to answer!

Schizoid Personality Disorder

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What is Schizoid Personality Disorder?

This is often referred to as the loner disorder. Why is this? Because those that have this disorder are often what you would consider typical loners. Schizoid Personality Disorder is described as simply being indifferent to what is going on around you and to those relationships they could be having. While someone on the outside can see that a person is not interacting socially, those with this disorder often never realize that they have a problem. To them, this is simply natural.

Schizoid Definition

What is the definition of Schizoid? Psychology Today defined the Schizoid personality as being a pattern of indifference to social relationships, with limited range of emotional express and experience.

This definition shows why many have labeled this the Loner Disorder. But, it is something that a person can get over when they are given the proper treatment. Many may associate this disorder with another disorder such as bipolar disorder; a psychotic disorder, anxiety disorders and the like, which a person may have. Researchers are looking into the correlation between having this disorder and an increased chance of developing schizophrenia in later life.

Schizoid Personality

What type of personality does a person with Schizoid Personality Disorder have? They may often seem as though they have no emotions at all. When discussing something upsetting, those who suffer with this personality disorder may look at though they are not interested. It can make them appear awkward,  and feeling and as though they simply do not care when in personal situations.

Schizoid vs Schizotypal

If you are dealing with someone who has Schizoid Personality Disorder, it is the “schizo” part of the disorder that often scares people. This is because they are thinking of Schizotypal personality disorder which is a similar sounding mental health condition. To better understand these, let’s take a look at each.

Schizotypal Personality Disorder is defined as a mental health condition in which a person has trouble with relationships and disturbances in their thought patterns, appearance and behavior. They often act inappropriately in the way they deal with others and show their feelings.

In addition, those with schizotypal often:

  • Have odd believes
  • Believe in fantasy
  • Dress strangely
  • Be preoccupied or fear things that others deem harmless
  • They are preoccupied with themselves
  • They are in the state of mind that everything that happens in the outside world relates to them, even if it does not.

For those who are suffering with Schizoid Personality Disorder they may have trouble with personal relationships as well. However, they are not going to be classified as strange in the way they think or dress. They simply show no emotion, which makes a person feel as though they are heartless or simply do not care.

Both disorders are thought to have genetic and environmental effects that play a role. There are several speculations that believe that if a childhood that was bleak, (absent of warmth or emotion) this could be one of the reasons why people later develop these disorders. Please note that those who have these disorders are not considered threats to society or themselves. They simply do not interact well with people and crowds.

Schizoid Personality Disorder

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These two disorders are often confused since they are both categorized as a Cluster A personality disorder. However, knowing the difference is a must. As each is going to require a different type of treatment plan to get the person back to what is considered normal. Also note that more men than women have this disorder.

Schizoid Personality Disorder Symptoms

There are several symptoms that are seen in those who do suffer with Schizoid Personality Disorder. A person has to showcase at least four of these symptoms in order to be diagnosed with this disorder. And they have to be evident for a long time in the person’s life usually since early adulthood to be considered the textbook definition of this disorder. These symptoms are:

  1. They have no desire or enjoyment being in close relationships, including being a part of a family.
  2. They almost always choose to do solitary activities.
  3. They have little, if any, sexual experiences with other people.
  4. They take pleasure in a few, sometimes none, activities whatsoever.
  5. They may talk with their first-degree relatives, but they lack any close friends or confidants.
  6. They appear indifferent when someone praises or criticizes them.
  7. They often seem cold emotionally, or simply detached from the situation at hand.

Flat Affect

The Flat Affect refers to the emotional response, or lack of emotional response, that those with this disorder show. They are often considered flat in how they respond. A person with this disorder could have someone yell at them, call them names, and never flinch. Whereas a normal person may get upset or angry, those with this disorder often seem indifferent or just shrug it off as though it doesn’t bother them.

They seldom show any type of emotion, which is why they are often described as being “flat”. Whereas, “normal” people often show happiness during the holidays, those with this disorder often just look at this as another day. For those who suffer with this, they often don’t even realize that their demeanor comes off as being cold or off putting. That is why it is extremely important that people realize what this personality disorder is, so they truly understand that those who suffer with this mental health issue cannot help the flat affect they demonstrate.

In addition, those who are dealing with this disorder often do not have much variations in their moods. Normal people may be angry one day, sad one day, happy for several days and then repeat the cycle. However, those with this disorder seem to be simply flat in their feelings day after day. Due to not showing emotion or not feeling any type of emotion, this is something that therapists are studying now.

No Close Relationships: The Typical Loner

Perhaps the most common trait of those who have SPD is that they are considered your typical loner. They have few friends and no close relationships at all. Those who have this disorder are often seen living alone, they don’t go out often, if at all, into social situations. Why is this? They simply have no desire to do this. Whereas other young adults are all about their hormones, those with this disorder would prefer to sit at their home and do something that is considered a lone activity. They have no desire to talk to others and be around them at all.

This type of behavior does affect their personal relationships as well. Most people who have this disorder are not married because they are indifferent to a relationship that involves sexual interaction. Due to their avoidance behavior, most of these people avoid sexual interaction and any type of intimacy, as it simply does not interest them.

Best When Alone

Those who have this disorder often find that they are best when left alone. Social exchanges are awkward for everyone involved. However, the person with this disorder does not often realize that they are being awkward, they simply have no desire to participate. This is why they are often seen working in professions that do not require that they have to be socially involved as much. Those with this disorder often work best in their own home, online where they do not have to interact as much with people.

Schizoid Personality Disorder

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Avoidant Behavior

One of the biggest signs of this disorder is that many people display an avoidant behavior. They often avoid those situations that are highly social, in which they know that they would have to interact with other people. Is their brain wired to do this? Or do they just feel uncomfortable? This is something that has been debated for several years. However, since most of those who have this disorder do not have any idea that their behavior is off putting, they simply do not see anything wrong with the avoidant behavior that they have. To those who suffer with this, they are normal. They may even find you a little strange, especially if you are a social butterfly!

Schizoid Personality Disorder Treatment

For those who have Schizoid Personality Disorder, treatment is often harder than they realize. For one, those who suffer with this disorder often don’t know if they want to change. After all, they have survived this long without forming lasting connections with people and not being emotionally involved. The idea of change is one that is rather scary and one that they may feel is unnecessary. When a person does make the choice to make some changes in their life, there are a few treatment options that they have.

The use of psychotherapy aka talk therapy has been shown to be a great way to help those with this disorder. This type of therapy is meant to change those behaviors that are considered a problem, and it also helps to allow someone to start opening up about their personal life, a new idea for those who suffer with this disorder. The idea is that the therapist can guide you through this situation until you are feeling more comfortable with talking with others. The therapist will know when to push and when to back off when you are talking more personal, something that is constantly worked on while in therapy sessions.

Group therapy is also an option. With this option, sufferers are with others who suffer with the same disorder, which can make it easier to open up for several people. Many therapists find that group therapy is great for helping to increase the person’s social skills. Over time, the group becomes more of a support group and one that you can turn to when you feel you are going back to your old ways. It can be a great way to get with like minded individuals who are going through the same struggles as you are.

Medication

The final treatment method is through medication. It should be noted that there is no certain medication that is meant to cure SPD. However, there are medications that can be given that can help a person cope. For example, many SPD sufferers find that anxiety and depression are a problem. Thus, medications can be given to relieve these symptoms.

The treatment that is outlined for one patient, may not be what is given to another patient. Treatment is given to a person on a personal basis. Thus, what works for one may not work for another. Many therapists find that treatment is a lot of trial and error to see what works the best and what is not giving results.

Managing Schizoid Personality Disorder

Schizoid Personality Disorder is something that can be healed and can be changed. Those who suffer with this can get treatment that is going to help them live a fulfilling life if they take the time to find the treatment that works. However, be warned that those who suffer with this disorder may need some convincing from family members that they do need help, since the way they act is considered normal to them. Do you know someone that fits this description? If so, try to get them help as they will have a more fulfilling life if they are able to see what their problems are!

INTJ Careers: What This Personality Type Excels In

Are you looking for INTJ Careers? When you are starting your career, understanding the strengths of your personality type is a smart move. The same stands if you are thinking about changing career paths. One of the popular personality tests used by employers and careers advisors is the Myers-Brigg Type Indicator (MBTI). This questionnaire looks at how you behave. And, how you prefer to make decisions and interact and communicate with others. The MBTI identifies 16 personality types. Knowing your own type indicator can help with making career choices.

INTJ Careers

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What is INTJ Personality

What does INTJ stand for? The letters in each of the 16 MBTI types relate to the four types of behaviors and traits you score highest in. An INTJ personality is one that scores highly in Introversion, Intuition, Thinking, and Judging. Not a large percentage of people in the population score as the INTJ combination, so if you have, you are unique! INTJ men slightly outnumber INTJ women. The characteristics of the INTJ indicators are:

  • Introversion: As a personality trait, an INTJ person feels more energized when they are alone or with a few close people. They are not comfortable being the center of attention in a large group or crowd. They may outwardly seem quiet, reserved, and introverted, but they are often deep thinkers.
  • Intuition: The intuitive personality trait in an INTJ presents as being able to see and reflect on possibilities and look to the future. They have an understanding of the bigger picture. They see how everything else fits within a system and where to adjust if needed.
  • Thinking: INTJ people are intelligent thinkers. They tend to make rational decisions based on facts and logic and enjoy these kinds of discussions.
  • Judging: INTJ people will take a structured, planned, and organized approach. They can be very decisive in their assessment and judgment of any situation.

INTJ Personality Traits

INTJ Careers

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Some of the personality traits and INTJ strengths are:

  • Independence: INTJs are often independent thinkers and workers. They work best in on their own or in small like-minded groups.
  • Problem Solvers: INTJs have a strong drive to seek solutions to problems. They like to find new, improved, and innovative ways of doing things and will share these with others.
  • Logical: The INTJ person applies logic and has to understand how something works or functions. They systematically work through every aspect to either predict or reach an outcome. They can always see the bigger picture.
  • Confidence: INTJs are usually self-assured. They have a good sense of who they are and their own competence. To others, this may come across as haughtiness or arrogance, but that is not the intention.
  • Learners: INTJ people usually have a need to learn throughout life. They may set their first goal for a bachelor’s degree. Once they have achieved that, a master’s degree is a must. They will seek new professional and personal experiences and are always curious to learn more about the world they live in.
  • Planners: INTJ people prefer structure and tend to be planners and organizers. Their planning ability and drive to get things done and see what is possible usually means they have successful outcomes.
  • Reserved: In their interaction with others, INTJs may seem quiet and reserved. They prefer to form stable relationships based on shared values and goals. They often form solid personal and professional relationships with INTP personality types.
  • Relationships: INTJ relationships, both personal and professional, tend to be loyal and supportive. However, it is important for the INTJ personality to have their independence within any type of relationship.

INTJ Careers

INTJ personality types excel in careers where they can work independently and use their intelligence. They are often suited to working in professional occupations. INTJ careers may include those within the physical and social sciences, technology, computing, finance, business, engineering, law, higher education, and research. They are hardworking and often goal driven. They do well in careers where they have competency requirements to meet and maintain. On ongoing professional development is usually important.

INTJ Jobs & Career List

INTJ Careers

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So what specific jobs and careers for INTJs personality types may be good? There are many career choices. Some types of careers great for INTJs include:

  • Analyst: INTJs suit being analysts of all kinds. Whether computer and business systems analysts, health analysts, financial analysts, and so on. These are positions where they may be analyzing data and statistics to come up with solutions.
  • Engineering: Any of the engineering professions can be a good fit for an INTJ personality type. Their ability to see, design, and build structures and systems lends well to engineering whether it be electrical, computer, mechanical, environmental, software, civil, or chemical engineering, etc.
  • Lawyer:  An INTJ personality type may well start as a lawyer and end up on the Judge’s bench! They have the strong investigative skills needed in the legal system. Similarly, they may rise through the ranks in the police force to become detectives.
  • Doctor/Dentist/Health Professionals: INTJs can find their strengths ideal working in health professions. Whether they become general physicians, surgeons, dentists, or other health practitioners and specialists in particular fields. They also suit allied fields such as pharmacy and optometry. These are all professions that may involve diagnosing, treating and finding solutions for health problems.
  • Researchers: INTJ personality types are within academia and scientific roles. Their curiosity to find out how things work suits researching roles within both the physical and social sciences. The combination of the structured nature of academia with the premise of academic freedom in a career to pursue and explore interests also suits this personality type.
  • Writer: Any writing roles that involve the gathering of data or information and summarizing it into a whole body of work or article that sums up a situation often suit INTJs. Especially technical writing, editing, and investigative journalism type work where they are reflecting on the desired outcome as they go through the writing process.
  • Consultants: When they have reached expert levels in their fields, the next step for INTJ personality types is often consulting. In a consulting or self-employed role, they have the freedom to be autonomous but are still engaged in working to find solutions for various systems.

INTJ Careers to Avoid

We all bring many personality traits to different careers and occupations. Even so, there are some careers INTJs are usually best to avoid. Positions where an INTJ does not have the autonomy, independence, and/or freedom to make or suggest changes may not suit. Jobs, where they need to frequently talk and speak with other people, may also not appeal. The types of roles INTJs should most avoid include those in production work, administrative and clerical tasks, telemarketing, sales, and teacher or health assistant positions. They may also find they do not function the best as a full-time stay at home parent unless they combine this with the fulfillment of other personal or professional goals.

Final Thoughts

For any MBTI personality type, finding a role where you can utilize your natural strengths is going to be fulfilling. INTJ careers can be demanding ones, but this is often what people of this personality type may seek, albeit in their reserved and quiet fashion. They need challenges for their own continued development and activities that use their INTJ strengths – their ability to plan and think. INTJs are both thinkers and doers. These types are analytical and strategic. They have an ability to understand complex ideas and systems turn them around into something easier for others to understand.

ENFP Careers: What This Personality Type Excels In

Are you looking for careers for ENFP personality types? When you are starting your career, understanding the strengths of your personality type is a good start. The same stands if you are thinking about changing career paths. One of the popular personality tests used by employers and careers advisors is the Myers-Brigg Type Indicator (MBTI). This questionnaire looks at how you behave. And, how you prefer to make decisions and interact and communicate with others. The Myers-Briggs test identifies 16 personality types. Knowing your own type indicator can help with making career choices.

ENFP Careers

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What is ENFP Personality

What does ENFP stand for? The letters in each of the 16 MBTI personality test types relate to the four types of behaviors and traits you score highest in. An ENFP personality is one that scores highly in Extraversion, Intuition, Feeling, and Perception. It is a relatively common type among the wider population, and there tends to be a slightly higher percentage of female ENFPs than male ENFPs.

  • Extraversion: ENFP people are motivated and energized the most when they are around other people. People with this extraverted personality trait are usually outgoing. They love interacting within group situations and getting to know a wide range of other people.
  • Intuition: The intuitive personality trait in an ENFP presents as being able to see and reflect on possibilities and look to the future. They have an understanding of the bigger picture. They see how everything else fits within a system and where to adjust if needed using critical thinking skills to reflect and evaluate.
  • Feeling: ENFP people value the social impact and implications of any decision. They will tend to go with and place a lot of value on personal or “gut” feelings when making decisions. They will usually always consider other people’s points of view.
  • Perception: ENFP people are very open to possibilities and new information. This personality type is flexible and if they feel they need to, they will consider and explore different options.

ENFP Personality Traits

ENFP Careers

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Some of the personality traits and strengths and weaknesses of ENFP personality types are:

  • Communicative: ENFPs are true “people people”. They are not usually introverted at all and are very open communicators. They enjoy interacting and sharing information with other people and networking. ENFPs have an extraverted intuition. They are strong on social perceptiveness and usually very empathetic to the concerns and needs of others.
  • Passion: ENFPs will follow something with a passion, whether as a hobby or a career. They are often attracted to social causes where they see they can help make change for the better of humanity.
  • Enthusiasm: ENFPs like to dive in wholeheartedly into work and play activities and explore new things. They are usually energetic and motivated and like to encourage others to be so as well.
  • Curiosity: ENFPs are often curious about what makes things tick, especially people. They like diversity and may look for a range of activities and relationships that given them a broad experience of all that life has to offer. If something is too mundane, they may get bored.
  • Creativity: ENFPs are often very creative and drawn to music, art, fashion, theatre, creative writing, and so forth. They will take a creative approach to problem solving. Different situations and possibilities inspire them.
  • Individualistic: Although very social people, they usually prefer to see themselves, and others, as unique individuals. They need to feel a sense of personal freedom in whatever they do, including how they choose to express themselves.
  • Flexibility: ENFPs are flexible and will adapt to different situations easily. If something becomes too routine, they may become bored – change is good for these folk! They can also be very spontaneous and be the first to put their hand up for something new or different.
  • Relationships: ENFPs are very relationship driven in both their personal and professional lives. They place great value on the importance of healthy and happy relationships. They will usually be warm, supportive, and encouraging with others.

ENFP Careers

ENFP personality types often excel in careers where they can be creative, interact with other people, and find solutions to life’s issues. If attending university, an initial associate’s degree can be a good option while they learn what is on offer. Bachelor’s degrees and master’s degrees in the social sciences, arts, and humanities may then appeal to this personality type. They tend to do well in human resource positions, sales and marketing, service roles, and as allied health practitioners. These types of jobs give the ENFP personality the opportunity combine their strengths. Within this type of work, they can engage with other people to come up proactive solutions.

ENFP Jobs & Career List

ENFP Careers

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An ENFP personality type may explore different career paths throughout their life. Their people skills are well suited to many occupations and entrepreneurial type activities.

Some types of careers that are great for ENFPs include:

  • Teachers: With their easy and open communication styles, ENFPs are natural teachers. They do well in the education system and in workplaces teaching others in learning and development jobs. They usually have a natural ability to engage and motivate others to learn.
  • Social Scientists: ENFP personality types make great researchers and social scientists. Fields such as sociology, social anthropology, town planning, conservation, and architecture give them the opportunity to work with and for “the people”, look to the future, and communicate their findings.
  • Allied Health: An ENFP personality can be well suited to working in health and social services. With their desire to find out what is going on for people and help them achieve their goals roles such psychologists, counselors, social work, occupational health and safety, massage and physical therapy therapists, speech-language pathologists, and veterinary care may suit.
  • Service Roles: The ENFPs networking skills come to the fore in many types of service roles. They often enjoy working in jobs in retail, childcare, fitness and exercise trainers, cosmetology and hairdressing, and hospitality.
  • Entertainment: The expressive and creative streak in the ENFP personality makes them ideal for careers in the performing arts. Famous ENFPs have pursued acting, singing, or dancing careers where they can showcase their talents to other people.
  • Designers: The artistic side of the ENFP personality type suits careers as artists and designers of most kinds. For example, graphic and multimedia design, floral design, interior design, and so forth.
  • Communication: The ENFP personality has a natural ability to communicate and coordinate. This suits occupations such as public relations, marketing, sales, human resources, and customer service. They often become entrepreneurs.

ENFP Careers to Avoid

We all bring many personality traits to different careers and occupations. Even so, there are some careers ENFP personality types are usually best to avoid. It is best to avoid positions that involve a lot of mundane repetition or working within rigid structures. ENFP people like to push boundaries a little and have the freedom to explore. Having a job just for the sake of having a job will not lead to much job satisfaction. They like to feel that they are contributing and adding value. They probably will not do well in occupations such as engineering, routine administration, or within the military.

Final Thoughts

For any MBTI personality type, finding a role where you can utilize your natural strengths is going to be fulfilling. ENFP careers tend to be people focused. Even in a job that involves more paperwork than people the ENFP person will always be the sharing the ideas and communicating with the rest of the team. ENFP people need the flexibility and freedom to think outside the box to come up with innovative solutions for the best for everyone.

Rejection Sensitive Dysphoria: A Tell-All Guide

Do you have ADHD? Have you heard about rejection-sensitive dysphoria? Characterized by the strong emotional response and a fear of certain situations. Rejection sensitive dysphoria is a form and symptom of mental illness that is strongly associated with attention deficit hypersensitivity disorder.

So, in this article, we’ll cover all you need to know about rejection sensitivity, and how it may affect your day-to-day life!

What is RSD or Rejection Sensitive Dysphoria

If you’ve been diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder ADHD, then you’ve probably experienced episodes of Rejection sensitive dysphoria. Well, rejection-sensitive dysphoria is a form of mental illness, where a person may experience severe emotional sensitivity and emotional pain.

Generally, this means that people with ADHD will perceive a situation negatively, when in reality the situation may not aim to cause them emotional pain. Let’s look at an example; if a person with rejection-sensitive dysphoria was to receive a delayed “text message response” from a person they are fond of, then that person with RSD may experience symptoms such as anxiety and low-self esteem.

Rejection Definition

By definition, rejection denotes to the action where a person’s ideas, concepts, behavior, etc may be refused or dismissed for a given reason. Generally, rejection can come in the form of social rejection or emotional rejection. This may result in a person developing severe anxiety in a specific situation, loss of self-esteem, and a feeling of hopelessness.

Dysphoria Definition

In general, the term dysphoria comes from the Greek word, dysphoros, which translates to hard to bear. Therefore, dysphoria simply can be defined as a feeling or state of mind that’s hard to bear, or uneasy.

Often people may often associate gender dysphoria with rejection-sensitive dysphoria. However, it is important to note that gender dysphoria refers to idea where a person may be dissatisfied or displeased with the gender they were born with. This form of mental illness was commonly referred to as gender identity disorder and has sparked much debate in the LGBTQ community.

Rejection Sensitivity and Relationships

In 1996, a study discovered that rejection sensitivity can play a major role when it comes to peoples intimate relationship. The study discovered that people with rejection sensitivity experience:

  • insecurity in their intimate relationships
  • satisfaction problems

For example, do you know a person who may be quite emotionally dependent on their partner? or a person who fears that their partner may leave them? These are all examples of a rejection sensitive person as they have a fear of their partner leaving them.

Now, do you know of a person who seems unhappy in their relationship? Perhaps it’s not their partner’s fault, but rather how the rejection-sensitive individual perceives their relationship to be. This example demonstrates that rejection-sensitive individuals may experience general dissatisfaction and unhappiness in their intimate relationships.

Rejection Sensitivity and Relationships—It Affects Men and Women Differently!

Men with rejection sensitivity generally tend to be very controlling of their intimate relationships. Men with rejection sensitivity may get more or easily jealous of situations that may compromise their relationship with their partner. It’s been suggested that mean who demonstrate reactive, controlling, and jealous behaviors are at risk of potentially emotionally abusing their partners.

In contrast, women with rejection sensitivity may behave quite differently from men, when in an intimate relationship. In general, women tend to remain a lot more hostile and negative when in a relationship. For example, a woman who feels as though she is not receiving sufficient attention may tend to verbally abuse her partner, or deny them sexual satisfaction.

RSD & ADHD

Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder aka ADHD is defined as the mental and brain disorder that affects a persons brain activity. ADHD is most commonly associated with:

  • Inattention
  • Hyperactivity
  • Impulsivity

Generally, adult ADHD may present itself a lot differently, than a child with ADHD. For example, children with ADHD may experience increased hyperactivity and an inability to focus. Whereas, an adult may experience more rejection sensitivity and hyperactivity-impulsivity.

ADHD is a form of brain development disorder. This is because people with ADHD generally tend to have a poorly developed caudate nucleus, putamen, nucleus accumbens, pallidum, thalamus, amygdala, and the hippocampus.  Now if we look at each of these parts of the brain, we would be able to see, how they contribute to our emotions, thoughts, and day-to-day lives.

For example, the amygdala is the part of the brain that is responsible for functions such as memory, emotions, and decision making. An adult with ADHD would then have a much smaller amygdala, thus resulting in their inability to focus, and their rejection sensitivity.

Is Rejection Sensitive Dysphoria Same As Social Phobia?

Social Phobia is also more commonly known as social anxiety disorder. Social Phobia refers to the idea that people may have a fear of either being placed in a social situation or a fear of being the center of attention.

This form of mental illness generally denotes to the idea that a person may experience overwhelming feelings, anxiety, increased heart rate, and muscle tension as a result of being placed in a social situation. As such, a person with social anxiety disorder may develop symptoms similar to rejection sensitivity. This includes depressive thoughts, low self-esteem, and sensitivity to criticism.

When we look at rejection sensitive people, then there’s no doubt that both mental illnesses look the same! However, the causes of social phobia are generally associated with genetics, past social and cultural experiences. Similarly, the causes of ADHD are often associated with poor brain development. Rejection sensitivity is similar in the sense that it becomes one of the underlying symptoms of both social phobia and ADHD

Is Hysteroid Dysphoria a Type of Rejection Sensitivity?

According to the American Journal of Psychiatry, a hysteriod dysphoria is a form of chronic mental illness that causes a person to experience episodes of depression as a result of a specific type of stress. As opposed to it being a specific type of rejection sensitivity, hysteroid dysphoria is a subtype of atypical depression that includes rejection sensitivity as a symptom.

RSD Symptoms

Understanding the symptoms of rejection-sensitive dysphoria can be quite complex. This is because RSD is actually a type of symptom for patients with ADHD. However, in general, a person with ADHD and rejection sensitivity may experience the following symptoms:

  • setting high standards for oneself
  • strong emotional reaction
  • Shyness
  • depression or depression thoughts
  • fear of failure
  • rage towards the situation or person that causes them discomfort
  • loss of self-esteem
  • seeking for self-approval from family, friends, and/or partners
  • A feeling of hopelessness
  • The person may criticize themselves a lot

How To Treat RSD or Rejection Sensitive Dysphoria

Because rejection-sensitive dysphoria is associated with ADHD, your mental health professional may consider treating the ADHD first. Originally, the conventional method of treatment for rejection sensitivity was psychotherapy. However, as emotions hit at random, this form of treatment proved to be mildly effective.  Today, your mental health professional may recommend medications such as a combination of alpha agonists guanfacine and clonidine—or, monoamine oxidase inhibitors (MAOIs).

 4 Facts About Rejection Sensitivity Dysphoria

  1. Rejection sensitivity is a difficult concept to understand. Some forms of rejection sensitivity suggest that people may feel their emotions (depression, fear, etc) prior to the stressful situation occurring. As a result, they may find or perceive the situation in a negative manner.
  2. ADHD is often misdiagnosed as either bipolar disorder or Asperger’s syndrome.
  3. Over the last few years, there’s been a lot of debate suggesting that people with ADHD are more at risk of developing mental illnesses such as Alzheimer’s disease. However, this is still a topic that’s currently being studied.
  4. Cognitive-behavioral therapy has become one of the common treatment for people suffering from ADHD. Cognitive-behavioral therapy is a type of therapy that focuses on thoughts, behaviors, and emotions.

Conclusive Paragraph

Rejection sensitive dysphoria is a symptom that is most commonly associated with ADHD in adults and children. This form of mental illness often presents as intensive emotional feelings, fears, and outbursts of depression as a result of potentially poor development. While there is no cure, rejection sensitivity and ADHD can be controlled through treatment with medication.

Sources

https://ajp.psychiatryonline.org/doi/pdf/10.1176/ajp.139.10.1286

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/6715288

When fear of rejection is more than it appears

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/1480561

https://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2017/02/170216105919.htm

https://www.webmd.com/anxiety-panic/guide/mental-health-social-anxiety-disorder#2

https://www.excelatlife.com/articles/ocd_social_phobia.htm

https://www.nimh.nih.gov/health/topics/attention-deficit-hyperactivity-disorder-adhd/index.shtml#part_145447

https://www.excelatlife.com/articles/fear_of_rejection.htm

http://www.chadd.org/Understanding-ADHD/For-Adults/Treatment/Cognitive-Behavioral-Therapy.aspx

https://www.excelatlife.com/articles/ocd_social_phobia.htm

Gabapentin for Anxiety: Case Study You’ll Never Forget

Are you suffering from anxiety? or a panic disorder? Well, interestingly enough, there’s an anti-seizure medication can help you out! Gabapentin for anxiety is a drug that’s been used to treat all sorts of nerve pain and seizures. But, recently, this drug has become widely used when it comes to treating psychiatric disorders such as anxiety. Are you curious to learn more about how Gabapentin can help you? Read on to learn more about this amazing drug.

What is Gabapentin?

Gabapentin for anxiety may more commonly be known as Neurontin. Gabapentin is a type of prescription drug that is mainly used to treat conditions involving seizures and nerve damage, so it is known as an anticonvulsant or antiepileptic drug. More recently, however, Neurontin has become increasingly popular when it comes to treating mental illnesses such as bipolar disorder and anxiety disorder

Gabapentin can come in the form of an oral medication, this may be more commonly sold under the name Gabapentin Enacarbil. The major difference between Gabapentin and Gabapentin Encarbil is that the Gabapentin Encarbil drug is a prodrug of Gabapentin. This means that the medication is broken down and converted to Gabapentin when ingested, making it a lot more bioavailable to the body.

Gabapentin: How Does It Work?

Gabapentin-Neurontin is a class of drug that has analgesic effects, this simply means that this drug reduces pain. The mechanism to how Gabapentin works and metabolizes in our body can be quite complicated. But, if you’re really interested in learning more about the pharmacology of this drug, we’ll keep things simple.

First, it’s important to know that Gabapentin is an analog of the neurotransmitter known as gamma-aminobutyric acid  (GABA). The term analog simply means that the Gabapentin molecules will structurally look very similar to the GABA neurotransmitter. Now, in order for our bodies to release a specific neurotransmitter, there has to be an influx of calcium through the cell membranes. The influx of calcium occurs as a result of channels called “voltage-gated calcium channels”.

Now, you might be wondering, why are these calcium channels important? what do they do? and how do they affect Gabapentin?

Voltage-gated calcium channels play an important role in mainting intracellular function. Two of their major functions often involve the contraction of the muscles and normal brain functioning.  if we want to get more into the physiology, then another important point to consider is the fact that Gabapentin seems to have an effect on these channels, inhibiting the threshold for a sub-unit of voltage-gated calcium channels. This subunit is believed to play a role in the attenuation of pain and the neurons associated with it.

Gabapentin Vs Pregabalin

Gabapentin and Pregabalin are drugs that are often mistaken as synonymous with each other. However, pregabalin is a lot different from Gabapentin. Here we have listed the common similarities between the two drugs:

  • They both are considered antiepileptic drugs
  • They both are used to treat nerve pain
  • Both Gabapentin and Pregabalin are used to treat nerve pain associated with post-herpetic neuralgia
  • The major difference between both drugs is that Pregabalin is often given in lower doses, thus decreasing the risk of  adverse reactions
  • Pregabalin also seems to have a more potent effect when it comes to treating disorders such as post-herpetic neuralgia and other pain-related disorders

What is Gabapentin used for?

Over the last 10 years, scientist and mental health practitioners have been using Neurontin to treat different forms of mental illness. These include:

  • Generalized anxiety disorder
  • Preoperative anxiety
  • Obsessive-compulsive disorder
  • Panic attacks
  • Bipolar disorder
  • Alzheimer’s disease

Gabapentin for Anxiety

Whether or not Neurontin can be used to treat anxiety disorders, has become a subject of much debate. To date, numerous studies show that Neurotonin has the potential to treat anxiety disorders. For example, Neurotonin can be beneficial to women’s health such that it can be used to treat anxiety in breast cancer survivors.

More commonly, a double-blind placebo-controlled study, done in 1999 discovered that Neurotonin demonstrated that it had the potential to treat patients who had social phobia. Conversely, other similar placebo-based study discovered that Neurotonin was able to effectively treat anxiety disorders such as panic attacks,  agoraphobia, perisurgical anxiety, and decrease the risk of hot flashes.

Gabapentin Dosage

The dose of gabapentin for anxiety may be variable depending on a multitude of factors, such as patient’s mental health, medical history, and age. Thus, it is highly recommended that individuals seeking Gabapentin consult their mental health practitioner. Nevertheless, a 2017 case report concluded that the dosage for these anti-anxiety drugs can be estimated at:

  • <600 mg/day for severe anxiety
  • >≥ 900 mg/day for mild anxiety

Gabapentin Side Effects

According to the FDA one of the major side-effects of Neurotonin includes an increased risk in suicidal thoughts, This side effect is particularly important in patients who have been diagnosed with psychiatric dysfunctions such as generalized anxiety disorder. Studies demonstrated that a medication classed as an antiepileptic drug result in a risk of suicidal thoughts one week after the medication has been administered.

Other common side effects associated with Neurontin include:

  • Dizziness
  • Lack of coordination
  • Increased risk of viral infections
  • Double vision
  • Fever
  • Patients may have a hard time speaking
  • Abnormal eye movements
  • Tremors
  • Changes in mood
  • Swelling of the feet, hands, or ankles
  • Depression

If you experience severe symptom,s such as an inability to swallow, shallow breathing, or if you notice symptoms such as swollen lymph nodes, rashes, swelling around the tongue, face, and throat, then contact your physician or the emergency hospital as soon as possible, as these symptoms are indicative of a serious allergic reaction.

Gabapentin Withdrawal

Gabapentin is a type of anti-anxiety drugs, that when used as a form of long-term treatment, can result in severe withdrawal symptoms. This medication is often quite abused by patients, and when taken away, the medication causes physiological dependence.

Physiological dependence simply means that the overuse of the medication results in the neurons adapting to the chemical. Therefore, the neuron now relies on the drug in order to maintain normal functioning. When the medication is taken away from the patient, then the neurons and chemicals of the brain become dysregulated—this is the primary cause of Neurontin gabapentin withdrawal symptoms.

Gabapentin Withdrawal Symptoms

In general, people may experience the effects of gabapentin withdrawal symptoms 12 to 48 hours post medication withdrawal. During the first 24 hours, a person will experience withdrawal symptoms such as:

  • severe anxiety
  • headaches
  • perspiration
  • hand and body tremors

By the third day, a person experiencing gabapentin withdrawal will start to feel restless and disoriented. Hallucinations, confusion, increased heart rate, agitation, fever, and trembling are all symptoms associated with withdrawal. Unfortunately, a person may experience withdrawal symptoms for up to 10 or more days.

Should you continue to experience symptoms of withdrawals for more than 30 days, then it’s important to contact your psychiatrist and/or physician in order to discuss your condition.

5 Facts You Need To Know About Gabapentin for Anxiety!

  1. Gabapentin is the analog of the neurotransmitter gamma-aminobutyric acid GABA. The GABA neurotransmitter is actually unable to cross the blood-brain barrier, but the Gabapentin medication is able to cross the blood-brain barrier. Scientists believe that this can be clinically beneficial to patients suffering from partial epilepsy.
  2. Some studies show that people who take Gabapentin may develop a fatal condition known as paroxysmal nocturnal haemoglobinuria, which is a disease that results in the destruction of the red blood cells.
  3. The drug known as benzodiazepines has been commonly used to treat anxiety disorders. Some studies suggest that Gabapentin can be used to treat patients who suffer from the withdrawal of the benzodiazepines drug.
  4. Gabapentin is also used to treat a condition called Restless Legs Syndrome.
  5. Gabapentin can also be used as an “off-label” prescription. This means that it can commonly be used to treat conditions like alcohol withdrawal, Neuropathic nerve pain, Fibromyalgia, and Trigeminal neuralgia

Gabapentin—Like Any Drug, You’ll Need To Be Careful

Drugs have their pros and cons. Generally, they will effectively treat the ailments they are designed to heal. However, like any medication, drugs like Gabapentin, do have the potential to cause mild to severe side-effects. If you’re interested in trying this medication out to treat your anxiety, then talk to a mental health profession.

Sources

https://www.hindawi.com/journals/crips/2017/6045017/

https://www.rxlist.com/neurontin-side-effects-drug-center.htm

https://www.recovery.org/topics/gabapentin/

https://www.ehealthme.com/ds/gabapentin/paroxysmal-nocturnal-haemoglobinuria/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/7693432

https://www.webmd.com/drugs/2/drug-14208-8217/gabapentin-oral/gabapentin-oral/details

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC5745655/

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC1573104/

https://pdfs.semanticscholar.org/135b/852d6a5a06a320d23426d1252c61737f2f46.pdf

http://www.globalrph.com/pregabalin.htm

https://www.accessdata.fda.gov/drugsatfda_docs/label/2009/020235s041,020882s028,021129s027lbl.pdf

https://www.calmclinic.com/anxiety/drugs/neurontin

https://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pmc/articles/PMC4732322/

https://mentalhealthdaily.com/2015/06/22/gabapentin-for-anxiety-disorders-an-off-label-treatment/

Famous Narcissists: Thrive Talk’s Top 14

Most of us have heard the term narcissist in a relatively negative way, which is accurate. For this reason, it may seem a little funny that you’re about to read an article all about famous narcissists.

A little terrifying? Perhaps.

Enlightening? Definitely.

By learning about famous narcissists and their behaviors, you may realize that you have a couple of individuals with narcissistic traits in your own life.

Narcissistic Personality Disorder

You may have heard your girlfriend talking about how some guy who stood her up is a “total narcissist,” but that probably isn’t entirely true. (Unless it is true- in which case, tell her to run. Don’t wait around for a narcissist to start putting you first)

Let’s first clarify what makes a narcissist a narcissist.

We are constantly surrounded by people who have traits of Narcissistic Personality Disorder, commonly referred to as narcissism. These individuals may have a few traits or have full-blown Narcissistic Personality Disorder (NPD).

The most basic way to describe NPD is excessive self-absorption, to the extent in which the individual is mentally unable to empathize with others.

While many people have mild traits of NPD such as selfishness or self-centeredness, when the traits are taken to the extreme, they are presented in a pathological form known as Narcissistic Personality Disorder.

Famous Narcissists of the Past

Let’s get down to the nitty gritty with these famous (or infamous) narcissists. We’d be shocked if any of them surprised you, but you may not realize just how many famous narcissists there are.

Alexander the Great

Exhibiting all the characteristics of a full-blown, raging narcissist, we welcome Alexander the Great.

Assembling an entire army just to figure out your own personal ambitions is one thing, but the utter lack of remorse for the horrendous amount of bloodshed of his generals and soldiers is another.

Alexander the Great named over 70 cities after himself. His only hint of compassion came from the ONE city he named after his own horse.

Written 400 years after Alexander’s death, Plutarch’s “Lives of the Noble Greeks and Romans,” depicts how Alexander always needed to smell great. Smelling like anything other than sweat and dirt was quite a feat in 356–323 B.C. yet somehow, not only did Alexander make it happen, he prioritized it.

When someone is that obsessed with vanity in 356 B.C. in the ancient Greek kingdom of Macedon, it definitely throws up a few red flags for them being an extreme narcissist.

Henry the Eighth

While notably being handsome and charming, Henry VIII was one of the most egotistical and tyrannical leaders in history.

Henry the Eighths documented “good looks” vainly came from his absolute obsession with his appearance. He also demanded to have a son and heir for political reasons. Who know women could just decide on the sex of their unborn baby?

Speaking of women, Henry VIII had six wives, two of which he beheaded.

Napoleon Bonaparte

If you’ve ever heard the term “Napoleon Complex,” it comes from Napoleon Bonaparte’s questionable behavior.

People are often said to have a “Napoleon Complex” if they act out aggressively in an attempt to mask feelings of inferiority and low self-esteem.

Adolph Hitler

Adolph Hitler. Arguably the most sadistic leader of the 20th century. Hilter organized a crusade that murdered millions of innocent people.

Hitler had an obscene belief that he, and people who looked a way that pleased him, were the superior race. For this reason, Hilter felt it necessary to take the lives of anyone who didn’t fit his corrupt mold.

The vicious narcissist felt no empathy for the immense suffering and deaths of others and did everything in his power to make sure it didn’t end.

Joseph Stalin

Joseph Stalin was the general secretary of Russia during the Russian revolution of 1917. Stalin was responsible for total elimination of political opposition in Russia.

He organized a campaign of political repression known as “The Great Purge” or “The Great Terror” in order to consolidate the authority of power-hungry Stalin.

Joseph Stalin was so out-of-his-mind obsessed with control, power, vanity, and prestige that he would kill anyone who disagreed with him.

Joseph Mengele

Also called “The Angel of Death” during World War II, Mengele was a German doctor who was infamously known for his exploitation of people with zero remorse for his cruel behavior.

Mengele was a member of the group of doctors who chose which victims would be killed in the gas chambers. He also performed horrific experiments on victims for his own sick amusement.

Ted Bundy

While Ted Bundy is very much a psychopathic killer, he also had many traits of someone with full-blown Narcissistic Personality Disorder, including grandiosity and manipulation.

Ted Bundy also loved being in the public eye as well as being the center of attention.

A Little Present-Day Narcissism

The individuals we mention below are strictly based on educated speculation of their behavior. We obviously do not (nor want to) know their psychological, medical history.

Nevertheless:

Kim Kardashian

The social media queen (most likely) leaked her own sex tape as means to get attention, and it worked.

She now has a million dollar business that is all based on herself. If that doesn’t scream narcissist then what does?

Kanye West

Speaking of Kim, her husband Kanye West legitimately refers to himself as ‘Saviour’ or ‘Messiah.’ He is widely known as ‘Yeezus’… Are you joking?

Not too long ago, Kanye chastised a concert goer for not standing up to applaud him. The individual was in a wheelchair. Did Kanye care? Nope.

Madonna

The material girl actually claims that her success is due to having Multiple Personality Disorder and her obsession with staying in the spotlight.

OJ Simpson

If you’ve seen any past or recent interviews with OJ Simpson, his psychotic and narcissistic tendencies certainly shine through, in the worst way possible.

Simpson lacks empathy or remorse and strongly believes that he is more special than most anyone else.

Paris Hilton

Paris Hilton really straddles the line of complete self-love and total narcissist. While she may not be the “it” girl that she was ten years ago, Paris relishes in continuing to remind everyone that she is still the hotel heiress that we all know and… tolerate?

Mariah Carey

Mariah Carey is known as the biggest diva in the music industry, and she soaks the reputation up. Her performing demands are through the roof and if anyone gets in her way, prepare for a meltdown.

President Donald Trump

Last but certainly not least, the President of the United States, Donald Trump. Some would say that President Trump takes the cake when it comes to the conversation of the biggest narcissists.

Trump displays every trait of someone with Narcissistic Personality Disorder. He wants everyone to know his name, no matter the cost. Remarkably (and a bit terrifying), Trump has succeeded. Love him or hate him, everyone knows Donald Trump.

Donald Trump obsesses over his looks, be it his fluffy hair or tanned skin. Trumps also continuously degrades women by proudly stating how he could get with any woman he chooses to.

Trump lacks empathy or remorse for his obscene Twitter rants and awful treatment of pretty much anyone other than himself.

Celebrities with NPD Traits

Some researchers believe that celebrities may develop narcissistic tendencies once they reach a certain level of fame. Once they achieve success, which could take many years, the success creates a personality pattern, chock full of narcissistic traits.

Researchers refer to this process as acquired or situational narcissism.

Regardless of whether the narcissistic tendencies always existed or if they formed over time with success, they make for a difficult person to deal with.

Here is a list of celebrities who have shown explicit signs of Narcissistic Personality Disorder:

  • Elvis Presley
  • Jim Jones
  • William Shatner
  • Joan Crawford
  • Pablo Picasso
  • Ryan O’Neal
  • Marlon Brando
  • Eva Peron
  • Simon Cowell
  • Alec Baldwin
  • Sharon Stone
  • Ike Turner
  • Lee Harvey Oswald
  • Charlie Chaplin
  • Liberace
  • Ike Turner
  • Lady Gaga
  • Miley Cyrus
  • Marilyn Manson
  • Margaret Thatcher

The Infamous Truths of NPD

Narcissism is a term thrown around quite often. In most cases, the individual who is being called the narcissist is often not so, rather just behaving in a self-absorbed, unwanted way.

However, people with Narcissistic Personality Disorder absolutely live among us. They range from politicians to ministers to business professionals to celebrities.

You should be aware of the signs of Narcissistic Personality Disorder and understand that NPD doesn’t have to be full-blown to extremes in order for it to very much exist.

Knowing the tell-tale traits of NPD may help you avoid unwanted circumstances and relationships. Sometimes the easiest way to recognize these traits is to have them pointed out in other examples.

By looking into past and present individuals with Narcissistic Personality Disorder, we hope that we may save someone the hardships of becoming involved with the disorder.

Sources

It Is What It Is: The True Meaning

It is what it is!  What it actually is, is one of those phrases that can send you round in circles trying to figure out what it means! The phrase seems to have crept into many people’s vocabularies over the past few decades. But, without much thought to the meaning or implications of actually saying it.

It is often a quick and easy statement given in response and as supposed advice to a tough situation. Or, it is said in answer to a question that may be hard to answer. The meaning and inferences behind it can differ according to the context. The saying, although sometimes said in jest or light-heartedly, is often not used in a healthy or constructive way.

Where does “It is what it is” come from?

Image Source: Pixabay.com

The origins of the saying “it is what it is” are a little ambiguous in themselves. Translations of the 13th-century Persian philosopher and poet Rumi include the phrase. However, the phrase has mostly popped into every day English vernacular over the past few decades. A writer for the New York Times tried to get to the roots of it in 2006. They found it first used in a newspaper column in the late 1940s in the United States. It then increased in use in popular culture towards the end of the 1990s to the early 2000s. The usage had a millennial boom, so to speak. It is a cliché used in sports and by politicians – including an ex-president. In movies, music, and books “it is what it is” gets used in lyrics and dialogue. It also features as the main title across all genres and among many forms of media today. 

What is the definition of “It is what it is”?

 There is no formal definition of “it is what it is”. Look it up online, and you can read a lot around the linguistics of the phrase:

  • It is a tautology – the same phrase repeats twice. We tend to do it a lot. Shakespeare was a fan of tautologies. For example, the expression “what’s done is done” from Macbeth. The Hebrew Bible’s Book of Exodus uses a tautology with the quote “I am that I am”. The infamous lyrics “Whatever will be will be” from the translation of the Spanish “Que sera sera” are a tautology.
  • It is also an idiom, in a sense. It doesn’t have a literal other meaning such as the idiom “once in a blue moon”. That phrase makes reference to a physical object. It also suggests the temporal and/or unlikely nature of something. It is nonetheless an idiom in that it used as a response to something that may be hard to understand. It is an attempt to make sense something in the “hard basket”.

Think about the semantics and what the true meaning of the phrase is in context. It becomes obvious that people often say it without realizing what they are implying. This goes for internal dialogue to oneself, and in conversations with other people.

“It is what it is” in context 

Image Source: Pixabay.com

There are so many different contexts people use this phrase. It is hard to put a definitive meaning on it. There may be times when the phrase is an appropriate response on its own, but often not. It tends to be more defeatist, avoidant, or defensive. Here are some examples of its use in various contexts:

  • As an acknowledgment: Saying, “It is what it is” to acknowledge something that is a fact. It is completely out of your own control.  This is probably one of the few times the usage of the phrase is actually okay. For example, you are due to take a flight or bus at a certain time. The transport operator advises you that bad weather has delayed your departure time. It is what it is. You can not control the weather that caused the delay. Nonetheless, there may be steps you can personally take to mitigate it. You can try to get onto another method of transport sooner than your delayed departure time.
  • As a deflection: Using “it is what it is” to turn or steer a conversation in a different direction. It may seem the equivalent of an acknowledgment. A step towards moving on to something else. But, it is avoiding the issue. It changes course without addressing the actual issue or situation. In effect, dismissing the original issue.  Unless, of course, you need to literally turn, or walk, away from what is being discussed.
  • To turn a situation around: Using “it is what it is” to acknowledge and change a situation. In this context, the statement will be immediately followed by a second statement of what can be done. For example, say you have been out of work for a while. You have received notification that a recent job interview was unsuccessful.  You may say, “It is what it is” with regard to that work. For whatever reason, that job is not coming your way. However, you follow up with saying or thinking “but I have another one pending”.
  • To avoid responsibility:  Using “it is what it is” to avoid taking responsibility and action. This may include responsibility for yourself or others and the worst-case scenarios.  Imagine being in a situation of abuse – whether verbal or physical or at home or at work. You confide in a colleague that you think you are being bullied in your workplace. They say, “Yep, it is what it is”. They have acknowledged it. However, they have also let you know you are on your own and not likely to receive any support.
  • As false empathy: Saying “it is what it is” as a pretense of empathy. It is a misconception that this phrase is empathetic. Especially when talking with another person about a tough situation. It is not. It is really saying that the person doesn’t know how to respond. They may not want to have to deal with it, dig deeper, or consider it valid. 
  • To end a conversation: Saying “it is what it is dismissively. Whether in a debate, an argument, or to end any kind of conversation “it is what it is” kills the dialogue in an instant. It is the equivalent of closing a door. It is saying you do not want to know. Or, you cannot be bothered. Or, you that you are willing to consider what the other person thinks or look for a resolution. No further conversation allowed.

It is what it is, or it was what it was … so what is next?

Image Source: Unsplash.com

You may be shutting down your own, and others, ability to find positive solutions. The term tends to limit thinking and creativity. It also silences people’s opportunities to speak. It often renders someone powerless. It is also often spoken with regard to situations that do not have to be. 

Sure, some things are going to be outside of your control. That is acceptable, and an acknowledgment of that, as a matter of fact, is okay.

However, a healthier approach is to adopt a proactive stance. Be ready to find creative or practical ways to solve the issue or problem. If that is not possible, find ways to prevent it from happening again. Think about:

  • What happened and all the contributing factors that people that contributed to it
  • What is possible to either fix or improve the situation or event
  • If there is a way to solve the problem or improve the current situation. Can you do it on your own or do you need to enlist the support of others
  • Whether it would have been possible to avoid the situation or event
  • Whether the situation or event is likely to happen again
  • What you can change about circumstances within your control that contributed to the situation or event
  • Whether you can involve others to help or support you with making changes now, or in the future
  • How you could potentially create a different outcome in a similar situation in the future.

Indigo Adults: How To Know If You’re One or Not

The idea of being born under a certain sign is not new. However, what is gaining attention right now is the idea of Indigo Children who have now become Indigo Adults. These people are considered to have been born with an indigo life aura. You are probably asking the question “What are Indigo Adults?”. Where did this concept come from? What are the characteristics of being an indigo? These are all questions that will be answered in the following post!

image source

What are Indigo Adults?

Indigo adults are those that are classified as creative, rebellious and intelligent souls. Many people use the term Starseeds when describing an indigo adult. A Starseed is thought to be a person with an ancient soul that may or may not have come from this galaxy. Interestingly, most Starseed or indigo children were born in the 1980’s and in the early 1990’s.

As a child, indigo adults often feel as though they are out of place. They may feel as though their own family does not understand them. And they may even show signs of having a hard time dealing with what society feels are the societal norms. Many believers that hold on to this idea state that this is because the soul is so ancient, it has a hard time adjusting to what is considered normal by today’s societal means. Their aura color is often blue, a vibrant blue, when they are younger.

It is believed that indigo children are put onto this Earth to make it better. Many people believe that Indigo adults are going to be the ones who lead society into a peaceful way of life, who will end war, poverty and other major issues. In fact, many people are putting their faith into the good that those with this aura are going to bring to the world.

image source

Indigo Adults Characteristics

There are several characteristics that an indigo adult, and even indigo children, display that showcases their indigo souls. These characteristics include the following:

  1. They are intelligent people, though they may not have had the best grades while in school.
  2. They are creative people.
  3. They often question everything with WHY, especially when they are asked to do something.
  4. They are often discouraged with repetitive tasks such as those that are seen in schools.
  5. They may have had the desire to rebel while in school, or maybe even did so against authority.
  6. They often deal with signs of depression earlier in life than those who are considered non-indigo children.  For school age indigo children, it is not uncommon for them to have feelings of suicide before they enter high school.
  7. They often have a difficult time in a service-orientated job since they often have an issue with authority.
  8. They prefer to work in a leadership position or alone, rather than in teams.
  9. They do not tolerate stupid actions from others. Though, they do have a deep empathy for others around them.
  10. Emotions are often at a high, making them incredibly sensitive or they may not show any emotion at all. There is often no middle ground when it comes to the emotions they are dealing with.
  11. These people often feel responsible for humankind.
  12. Indigo adults often adopt auto-destructive behaviors such as alcohol, drugs, and the like when they are not living their true purpose.
  13. Naturally can detect lies from others. They have strong intuition when it comes to several situations, which is why they can often tell when a person is lying.
  14. They have a burning desire to change the world for the better.
  15. Indigo adults often have psychic experiences such as premonitions, seeing angels or ghosts, have an out of body experience or hear voices.  They may also have memories from the past, one of their other lives that they lived.
  16. They may have a sensitivity to electricity. For instance, their watch may not work, lights might blow out when they are around, and the like.
  17. Can be sensitive to certain foods like red meat, sugars and processed foods.
  18. Often feel rage towards the government as they feel it is broken. This can extend to any type of political, educational, or the like sector.
  19. As an indigo child, they are often diagnosed with attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) or attention-deficit disorder (ADD).
  20. Indigo adults often get in their own way when it comes to the goals that they have in life. This is their biggest weakness. They may become caught up in victim mode due to taking things so personal. This is a weakness that many people spend their entire lives trying to fight against and overcome.

There are also physical characteristics that can be seen in children and adults who are considered Indigo. These characteristics include:

  1. Their eyes are often green or blue. Their eyes may become more intense as they get older, giving a feel that they glow almost like the blue sky.
  2. The eyes are also often deep set into the face and just have a wise feel to them.
  3. Often the person has light coloring. This can mean blonde hair, or even darker hair with a few lighter streaks in this. It can be seen in the skin as well. Those Indigo adults may find that their skin becomes lighter as they age.
  4. Many indigo adults do have some type of illness that they are dealing with. There are even more of these Indigo adults who experience a disability of some sort. However, this is not a characteristic that is a must be considered an Indigo adult.

Indigo Test

How do you know that you are or someone close to you is an indigo adult? There are several questions that you can ask yourself or answer for someone else that you are close to. These questions are:

  1. Do you seem wise for your age? If you are often told that you are wise beyond your years, this can be a good indicator that you may be an indigo adult.
  2. Do you enjoy doing creative activities? For example, do you love to write music, draw, or do another artwork?
  3. Do you have psychic abilities or a great intuition?
  4. Do you want to make the world a better place?
  5. Are you rather introverted? If yes, does this introversion cease when you are around other indigo adults?
  6. Do you always have a better way of doing things than what is outlined to you?
  7. Do you have trouble responding to authority? Do you often feel as though you are fighting against authority figures?
  8. Do you naturally feel superior to those who are around you?
  9. Are you what would be considered a nature enthusiast? Do you feel at home around nature, plants and animals and prefer to spend your time in nature?

If you can answer yes to most of these questions, chances are you are considered an indigo child or indigo adult.

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Where do you go from here? Once you have been diagnosed as an indigo adult, it is up to you on where you go from here. For many people, simply finding out why they are the way they are is enough to give them satisfaction in life. They now know that there is nothing wrong with them, despite what many children with these traits are told while growing up. Unfortunately, they are often told that they are loners with mental issues that prohibit them from acting like normal kids.

For others, once they realize that they are an indigo adult, they tend to foster these traits even more. They may take up meditation or some other form of relaxation to truly open themselves up to the world that is beyond their physical world. They will look for various ways in which they can live up to their true potential. How can you do this? Start by looking at yourself and truly examining the inner workings of your mind. Find out what you want out of life and then go for it.

Understanding the characteristics of an indigo adult really helps many people truly understand why they are the way they are. Many people go through their lives not understanding why they feel alone or strange. They do not understand why people look at them as though they are weird. It can help to know that you were born this way and it is something to be proud of. Indigo adults are rare, and if you are one of these people then you should not feel as though you must fit the mold as to what people think is normal. Everyone has those little quirks that make them different, however, that which sets apart an indigo adult may contribute to a brighter future!

INTP Relationships: The Secret To Understanding This Personality Type

Are you curious to learn more about INTP relationships? 

In 1943,  two spectacular women decided to create a personality test that would enable women to find the perfect job that suits them. This personality test is famously known as the Myers-Briggs Type Indicator MBTI, and it was created by a lady by the name of Katharine Cook Briggs and her daughter Isabel Briggs Myers.

The MBTI personality test consists of 16 personality types of which are categorized into two cognitive functions. These two cognitive functions are rationality and irrationality. To understand cognitive functions better, the MBTI personality test describes rationality as thinking and feeling. Whereas irrationality denotes the idea of sensation and intuition.

INTP Meaning

When it comes to dating and romance, women with INTP relationships may find it quite useful to actually learn more about their personality type. So, what exactly is an INTP personality? and how can learning about an INTP personality help you with long-term relationships?

In general, INTP individuals are considered intellectual thinkers. People with this personality type are introverted innovators who use their creativity, analytic thinking, and originality to go beyond what is expected of them. INTP individuals are those that desire a  thirst for knowledge and are often quite free-spirited.

Intuitive Thinking

If you’re INTP female, then you’ve probably been wondering, what does it mean to be an intuitive woman? This is perhaps one of the most commonly asked questions woman may have when it comes to understanding not only their INTP personality but how it may influence their life.

Intuitive thinking refers to this idea that a people who have this INTP personality have a unique ability to connect with others on an empathic level. Intuitive thinking often involves using logic and analytic thinking in order to make an informed decision. Not sure what this means? Let’s look at an example:

  To be an intuitive thinker means that I as an individual am able to make the best, and most logical decision possible, without personal biases and emotions getting into the way. I thrive in an environment where I am able to think “outside the box”. I am a veterinarian, a doctor, a surgeon, or a scientist. I make decisions based on reason and do my best to not involve subjective emotions and feelings.

INTP-T vs INTP-A

A person can have one of two different types of INTP personalities—INTP-T and INTP-A. In general, the T in INTP-T would stand for “Turbulent”, while the A in INTP-A would stand for “Assertive”. So, when it comes to INTP relationships, these personality types can play a significant role in determining how you deal with dating.

INTP-T would suggest that you’re likely to be emotionally unbalanced and slightly unstable. Therefore, people who are INTP-T would have a tendency to get stressed more easily than others. In contrast, people who are INTP-A may be a little more extroverted than most other INTP people.

Individuals who are assertive often prefer to be straightforward, strong-willed and are thus less likely to face problems like stress and anxiety.

INTP Personality Traits

The INTP personality is one of the 16 personality types seen in individuals. According to the Myers-Briggs type indicator MTBI personality test, INTP stands for:

  • Introvert (I)
  • Intuition (N)
  • Thinking (T)
  • Perceiving (P)

Alright, so what does this mean?  People who have an INTP personality often are introverted which means that these individuals are often quite soft-spoken people who much rather spend time alone reflecting on thoughts. An Individual who has an INTP personality will also have different ways of taking in information, and this is exactly what the Intuition aspect means. To be intuitive implies that people with this personality type see beyond their five senses and create new solutions. To be intuitive suggests that these individuals possess traits such as creativity, theoretical thinking, and imagination. 

People with INTP personality types also tend to make decisions based on logical thinking. If you’re the kind of person who makes decisions based on logic, critical thinking, and objective analysis then this is a trait you can attribute to the INTP personality type. The last aspect of the INTP personality type refers to how you as an individual view the world around you, and how you’re able to deal with others. This is what the MBTI test refers to as perceiving, which suggests that these individuals prefer to live a life free from commitments.  

INTP Relationships

As a general rule of thumb, an individual who has an INTP personality will be best suited to someone who has an extraverted personality. So, if you’re an INTP person, you’ll be best suited to people who have an ENFJ or an ENTJ personality. This is mainly because of the ENFJ personality intuitive and extraverted thinking, which allows and ENFJ individual to sense the emotions and feelings of a person who is INTP.

Now, if you’re unable to find your ENFJ personality type, then don’t worry! According to the Myers-Briggs test, INTPs can also form strong bonds and lasting relationships with individuals who have an INFJ personality type. Perhaps the main reason behind this pairing is because both individuals tend to share strong similarities and are often intellectual thinkers.

INTP Dating

When it comes to dating, INTPs will have a lot to offer to their partners. If you’ve got an INTP partner or are looking to date a person with an INTP personality, then here are some amazing qualities they will have to offer.

  1.  People who have an INTP personality are often quite content with themselves. They are the kind of person who will give you your personal space, yet know how to enjoy each moment they get to spend with you.
  2. INTPs are well known for their listening abilities. People who have the INTP trait are often introverted, quiet listeners who take in and appreciate the conversations they’ll have with you.
  3. If you’re looking to be with a creative, fun-loving, and imaginative person then an INTP person can definitely give you the whole package. Individuals of this personality trait are not only thinkers, but they are also dreamers.

INTP Compatibility

People who have an INTP personality are most compatible with those that have the personality types ENTP, INTP, and INTJ. Nevertheless, a person who has an INTP personality type still has the potential of falling in love with an individual who may have an ESTJ, ISTJ, ESTP, ENTJ, ENFJ, INFJ, and ENFP personality type.

INTP Test

Not sure where you can take the INTP test?  If you’re interested to find out what’s your personality type then have a look at these websites!

http://www.humanmetrics.com/cgi-win/jtypes2.asp

https://www.onlinepersonalitytests.org/personality-test

INTP Women

Female INTP personality types are without a doubt one of the most powerful, intelligent, and strong-minded women you’ll ever meet. INTP women tend to not only be great minds, but they also are individuals who are able to challenge the norm and use their imagination to create something new. Are you looking for some of the most influential female INTP personality types? Look no further than these amazing women.

1.    Marie Curie:  A woman who defied a world ruled by men! Marie Curie was the first woman who won a Noble prize for her outstanding work in nuclear physics. This INTP female became one of the most well-known scientists for her work in physics and chemistry.

2.    Hannah Arendt: Hannah Arendt is another influential woman who had become well known for her work in political theory, and to top it all, she is also the author of 18 books.

3.    Jane Austen: The novelist behind the award-winning the book—pride and prejudice. Jane Austen was—and still continues to be one of the most famous authors we know today.

4.    J.K.Rowling: The creator of the infamous Harry Potter series, JK Rowling is truly one extraordinary woman.

5.    Meryl Streep: She’s one of the most powerful women in Hollywood! Meryl Streep is not only known for her amazing acting skills but also her activist acts.

INTP Celebrities

Nothing best describes people with the INTP personality as reserved, reasonable, and logical thinkers. So, it’s no doubt that some of the greatest minds on our planet possess that INTP personality. Here, we’ve listed some of the most famous INTPs who have been gifted their introverted thinking ability.

1.    Albert Einstein: First on our list is none other than Albert Einstein, who is not necessarily a “celebrity” per se but has become one of the most popular and well-known scientists of the century.

2.    Bill Gates: Perhaps most famously known for creating Microsoft, Bill Gates is a clear example of what an INTP person can be—that is an innovator.

3.    Charles Darwin: He’s not so much a famous celebrity like the Kardashians, But, he’s truly a celebrity within the science community. Charles Darwin is a great example of an “out of the box” thinker, as he can be credited for explaining the theory of evolution by natural selection.

Innovators, Thinkers, and Dreamers!

Intelligent, logical, and confident—the INTP personality type is truly one of the strongest personalities among the Briggs Myers’ personality type theory. The INTP personality type has a strong emphasis on self-assurance and philosophical thinking. A relationship with an INTP individual will be nothing but fun, adventure, and charm that’s sure to keep you on your feet.

Movies About Depression: Thrive Talk’s Top 7 Favorites

The mental health stigma has been a topic of much debate over the last century. Today, doctors estimate that approximately 42.5 million Americans suffer from some form of mental illness.  Mental illness can come in various forms such as depression, which is characterized as chronic sadness. Bipolar disorder, which causes not only periods of depression, but also changes in mood. Obsessive-compulsive disorder, that often involves a person having uncontrolled thoughts, feelings, and obsessions. Though these are just a few handful examples of mental illness, there are a lot more different mental disorders young people may face in their day-to-day life. Today, the topic of mental illness is widely seen and portrayed in movies across Hollywood. So, in this article, we will not only look at movies about depression but also movies that portray characters with other mental illness as well.

1.    The Harry Potter Series

One of the most iconic movies of the 21st century, the Harry Potter series is filled with drama, romance, fantasy, and mystery. This movie tells the story of a young man named Harry Potter, who after learning he’s a wizard, begins his journey studying at Hogwarts School of Witch Craft and Wizardry. In the midst of all the adventures, Harry and his group of friends face countless encounter with villains who seek to bring Harry Potter down.

Now, although the Harry Potter series isn’t all about depression per se, it seems like we often overlook the characters who do suffer from mental illness. Now, we decided to add the Harry Potter Series to our list of movies about depression because it portrays different sorts of mental illness characters have faced in their lives!

Ron Weasely, for example, is a character that’s become notorious for his anxiety and phobias towards villains, and creatures like giant spiders. Hermione is an excellent example of someone who may have obsessive-compulsive disorder. Lord Voldemort himself seems to be a person who not only suffers from psychopathy, but also severe loneliness, and emptiness which can possibly suggest depression.

In regards to depression, it becomes clear that Professor Snape and Harry Potter are the two main characters who truly suffer from some form of depression. If we look at Harry’s mental health, we can see that he does suffer from Post-traumatic Stress Disorder after witnessing his parents die. Similarly, Professor Snape, experiences not only loneliness but also severe chronic depression which becomes most noticeable in Harry Potter and the Deathly Hallows.

Throughout the series, we can see that Harry’s depression was chronic and through the help of his friends, he was able to grow and essentially accept his mental illness. In contrast, Professor Snape is a clear example, for how chronic depression takes a toll on one’s life.

2.     Silver Linings Playbook

Silver linings playbook is an award-winning romantic-comedy that shows the life of two people who have faced mental illness in their life. The story talks about a young man named Pat Solatano who, after spending time in a mental institute for bipolar disorder, tries to recover from his mental illness by reconnecting with his wife.

In the midst of his journey, he meets a young lady named Tiffany Maxwell—a lady who has depression. During the progression of their relationship, Pat and Tiffany develop a strong relationship with one another which grows from a gloomy to a more cheerful atmosphere.

Silver linings playbook truly is a movie that captures the changes, struggles, and emotions a person with mental illness might succumb to. This movie explores aspects of personal growth and how the involvement of people we care about can help us through mental illness.

3.    Shutter Island

If you’re really into your thrillers and mind-twisting kinda movies, then Shutter Island should definitely be on your list! Of all the movies about depression, this one actually portrays two different types of mental illnesses—depression and delusional disorder. Shutter Island is a movie that looks at the life of a U.S Marshal named Teddy Daniels, who with the help of his partner, investigates an insane asylum.

This movie actually explores Teddy’s own mental health as he continues to have hallucinations and delusions of-sort, of his late wife named Dolores Chanal. While the entire movie focuses on Teddy’s mental illness, we as an audience actually only get a glimpse into the life of his wife Dolores.

Dolores Chanel had, for some reason, murdered all her children. Through the minor encounters we do have of her, we can see that Dolores demonstrates various symptoms a depressed person may have. This included; chronic sadness, a feeling of emptiness, codependency, and distress with herself. Given that she demonstrated such raw emotions, it’s no surprise to see that the consequence of her untreated mental illness leads to her demise.

4.    Girl Interrupted

Girl Interrupted is a true story that’s based on a woman named Susanna Kaysen, who enters a mental institute due to her being diagnosed with Borderline Personality Disorder. This film looks at how Susanna emotionally battles another patient at the institute named Lisa.

This movie does not necessarily discuss depression solely, but it addresses the difficulty one might have with understanding their own personal mental illness. Girl Interrupted is a film that looks at all aspects of mental health and depression as it manifests parameters of mental illness such as substance abuse, suicidal thoughts, social nonconformity, and confusion.

5.    1408

Sometimes movies about depression can be quite hard to come by. In this list, we decided to add the psychological horror film known as 1408 because of how it explores not only depression but also bipolar disorder. The movie 1408 tells the story of a writer named Mike Enslin who writes stories debunking all the haunted rooms or homes he chooses to stay in.

The majority of this horror movie takes place when the Mike chooses to stay in room 1408, which allegedly is known for its hauntings and significant death count. Throughout the entire film, Mike begins to encounter strange haunting episodes, along with unexplained visions of his dead daughter.

The room, 1408 actually seems to become a metaphor for biopolar disorder as, throughout the movie, we can see Mike experiencing moments of depressions, schizophrenia, europhia, and even suicidal thoughts.  As opposed to showing depression and bipolar disorder from a third person point of view, Stephen King tells us the story of how Mike has a battle within himself about his own mental illness. In the film, we truly see how Mike views the world and how his creative mind was able to concoct this psychological horror story.

6.    The Babadook

The Babadook is a film that tells the story of a widowed mother named Amelia Vanek who, after losing her husband, had to raise her six-year-old son Samuel Vanek on her own. Sometime during the film, Samuel comes across an unusual pop-up book entitled Babadook.

Throughout the movie, Samuel begins to believe that Mister Babadook—this evil monster, is now residing in their home, watching them very closely.  At the same time, Amelia battles with herself in trying to figure out who the Babadook really is, and how she can protect her son from such a monster.

This film takes an interesting turn on mental illness, as it symbolizes the mental health a grieving mother would have after losing her loved one. In this movie, we can clearly see that Amelia still exhibits episodes of depression, but must somehow conquer her mental illness so that she can raise her son.

Perhaps the meaning of this film is to look at how the death of a loved one can lead to episodes of depression, and a battle with one’s self in order to move on.

7.    Edward Scissorhands

Johnny Depp’s portrayal of the iconic character, Edward Scissorhands is incredibly memorable. This film, by Tim Burton, looks at the life of an unusual, creepy looking young man by the name of Edward, who spends the majority of his life locked up in a dark-seemingly abandoned mansion.

Throughout the movie, we can see that Edward tries hard to conform to the everyday lives of the people around. For a while, Edward Scissorhands was able to use his artistic talents, and unique hands to create various types of art pieces. Unfortunately, because his looks and awkward demeanor, he still remained an outcast throughout the film.

Edward Scissorhands is actually a romantic dark fantasy film, however, an audience will clearly be able to see the chronic depression he faces as a result of simply not fitting in. In this film, Tim Burton truly sets the atmosphere of depression, as the entire film seems to have a dark, gothic, gloomy haze to it. One can feel nothing but loneliness, emptiness, and a feeling of sadness when watching how Edward Scissorhands suffers from his depression.

Movies About Depression

Today, Hollywood has a range of movies that discuss or portray mental illness in a unique manner. The Harry Potter series shows the progression of mental illnesses such as depression, PTSD, and OCD amongst many characters.

Movies such as Edward Scissorhands allows an audience to be placed in the shoes of a person who feels nothing but loneliness as a result of depression. While movies like 1408 and Babadook examine depression as a battle amongst oneself. Though each film portrays depression in a unique manner, one can’t help but realize the torment people with depression may face in their everyday lives.